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Java Data Objects

Paperback Engels 2003 9780596002763
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Samenvatting

'Java Data Objects' revolutionizes the way Java developers interact with databases and other datastores. JDO allows you to store and retrieve objects in a way that's natural to Java programmers. Instead of working with JDBC or EJB's container-managed persistence, you work directly with your Java objects. You don't have to copy data to and from database tables or issue SELECTs to perform queries: your JDO implementation takes care of persistence behind-the-scenes, and you make queries based on the fields of your Java objects, using normal Java syntax.

The result is software that is truly object-oriented: not code that is partially object-oriented, with a large database-shaped lump on the back end. JDO lets you save plain, ordinary Java objects, and does not force you to use different data models and types for dealing with storage. As a result, your code becomes easier to maintain, easier to re-use, and easier to test. And you're not tied to a specific database vendor: your JDO code is entirely database-independent. You don't even need to know whether the datastore is a relational database, an object database, or just a set of files.

This book, written by the JDO Specification Lead and one of the key contributors to the JDO Specification, is the definitive work on the JDO API. It gives you a thorough introduction to JDO, starting with a simple application that demonstrates many of JDO's capabilities. It shows you how to make classes persistent, how JDO maps persistent classes to the database, how to configure JDO at runtime, how to perform transactions, and how to make queries. More advanced chapters cover optional features such as nontransactional access and optimistic transactions. The book concludes by discussing the use of JDO in web applications and J2EE environments.

Whether you only want to read up on an interesting new technology, or are seriously considering an alternative to JDBC or EJB CMP, you'll find that this book is essential. It provides by far the most authoritative and complete coverage available

Specificaties

ISBN13:9780596002763
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:paperback
Aantal pagina's:380
Uitgever:O'Reilly
Hoofdrubriek:IT-management / ICT

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Inhoudsopgave

Foreword

Preface

1. An Initial Tour
Defining a Persistent Object Model
The Classes to Persist
Declaring Classes to Be Persistent
Project Build Environment
Jars Needed to Use the JDO Reference Implementation
Project Directory Structure
Enhancing Classes for Persistence
Establish a Datastore Connection and Transaction
Acquiring a PersistenceManager
Creating a FOStore Datastore
Operations on Instances
Making Instances Persistent
Accessing Instances
Modifying an Instance
Deleting Instances
Summary

2. An Overview of JDO Interfaces
The javax.jdo Package
JDO Exception Classes
The javax.jdo.spi Package
Optional Features
Identity Options
Optional Collections
Transaction-Related Optional Features

3. JDO Architectures
Architecture Within Application JVM
Single PersistenceManager
Multiple PersistenceManagers Accessing the Same Datastore
Multiple PersistenceManagers Accessing Different Datastores
Shared Implementation Cache
Datastore Access
Direct Access of Filesystem or Local Datastore
Remote Access of a JDO Server
Remote Access of a SQL Datastore
System Architectures with a JDO Application
JDO Rich Client with Local Datastore
JDO Applications in a Web Server
JDO Applications as Web Services
Rich Client Connecting to Application Server with EJB Components
Web Server with EJB Server
EJB Session Beans Using Session Bean Façades
JDO Providing Container-Managed Persistence

4. Defining Persistent Classes
Kinds of Classes and Instances
Kinds of Classes
Kinds of Instances
Java Classes and Metadata
JDO Metadata
Inheritance
The Media Mania Object Model
Fields
Supported Types
Persistence of Fields
Complete Metadata for the Media Mania Model

5. Datastore Mappings
Mapping Approaches
Relational Modeling Constructs
SQL 99
Modeling Constructs in Java and Relational Models
Mapping Classes to Tables
Mapping a Single-Valued Field to a Column
Name-Mapping
Type-Mapping
Indexes
Identity
Inheritance
References
Collections and Relationships
Using a Foreign Key
Using a Join Table
One-to-One Relationships
Representing Lists and Maps

6. Class Enhancement
Enhancement Approaches
Reference Enhancer
Vendor-Specific Enhancement
Binary Compatibility
Enhancement Effects on Your Code
Changes Made by the Enhancer
Metadata
Instance-Level Data
Field Mediation

7. Establishing a JDO Runtime Environment
Configuring a PersistenceManagerFactory
Connection Properties
Optional Feature Properties
Flags
Flags Settings in Multiple Interfaces
Determining the Optional Features and Default Flag Settings
Vendor-Specific Properties
Nonconfigurable Properties
Acquiring a PersistenceManager
User Object
Closing a PersistenceManager
Closing a PersistenceManagerFactory
Transactions
Properties of Transactions
Transactions and Locking in the Datastore
Types of Transactions in JDO
Acquiring a Transaction
Setting the Transaction Type
Transaction Demarcation
Restoring Values on Rollback
Determining Whether a Transaction Is Active
Multiple PersistenceManagers
Multithreading

8. Instance Management
Persistence of Instances
Explicit Persistence
Persistence-by-Reachability
Extent Access
Accessing an Extent
Extent Iteration
Ignoring the Cache
Accessing and Updating Instances
Explicit Marking of Modified Instances
Deleting Instances
Delete Propagation

9. The JDO Query Language
Query Components
Creating and Initializing a Query
Changes in the Cache
Query Namespaces
Type Names
Field, Parameter, and Variable Names
Keywords
Literals
Query Execution
Parameter Declarations
Executing a Query
Compiling a Query
The Query Filter
General Characteristics of Expressions
Query Operators
References
Collections
Ordering Query Results
Closing a Query

10. Identity
Overview
JDO Identity Types
Metadata
Identity Class
Datastore Identity
Application Identity
Primary-Key Fields
Persistent Class equals() and hashCode( ) Methods
The Application-Identity Class
A Single-Field Primary Key
A Compound Primary Key
A Compound Primary Key That Contains a Foreign Key
Application Identity in an Inheritance Hierarchy
Nondurable Identity
Identity Methods
Get the Identity Class
Get the Identity of an Instance
Getting an Instance via Its Identity
Changing the Application Identity of an Instanc
Get the Current Application Identity of an Instance
The String Representation of Identity
Advanced Topics
Choosing an Identity Type
Using Identity Versus a Query
Identity Across PersistenceManagers

11. Lifecycle States and Transitions
Lifecycle States
Transient
Persistent-New
Hollow
Persistent-Clean
Persistent-Dirty
Persistent-Deleted
Persistent-New-Deleted
State Interrogation
State Transitions
State Transitions During a Datastore Transaction
State Transitions When a Transaction Completes
States Between Transactions

12. Field Management
Transactional Fields
null Values
Retrieval of Fields
Default Fetch Group
Retrieving All Fields
The Management of Fields
Serialization
Managing Fields During Lifecycle Events
First- and Second-Class Objects
Specifying a Second-Class Object
Embedding Collection Elements
Persistent Classes as Second-Class Objects
Sharing of Instances

13. Cache Management
Explicit Management of Instances in the Cache
Refreshing Instances
Evicting Instances
Cloning
Transient-Transactional Instances
Transient-Transactional Lifecycle States
State Interrogation
State Transitions
Making a Persistent Instance Transient

14. Nontransactional Access
Nontransactional Features
Reading Outside a Transaction
Persistent-Nontransactional State
Retaining Values at Transaction Commit
Restoring Values at Transaction Rollback
Before Image
Restoring Persistent Instances
Restoring Persistent-New Instances
Modifying Persistent Instances Outside a Transaction
Hot Cache Example

15. Optimistic Transactions
Verification at Commit
Recovery from a Failed Transaction
Setting Optimistic Transaction Behavior
Optimistic Example
Optimistic Transaction State Transitions
Deleting Instances
Making Instances Transactional
Modifying Instances
Commit
Rollback

16. The Web-Server Environment
Web Servers
Accessing the PersistenceManagerFactory
Servicing Requests
PersistenceManager per Request
PersistenceManager per Application
PersistenceManager per Transactional Request
PersistenceManager per Session
Transactions
JavaServer Pages
Struts with JDO

17. J2EE Application Servers
Enterprise JavaBeans Architecture
Stateless Session Beans
Configuring the PersistenceManagerFactory
Stateless Session Beans with Container-Managed Transactions
Stateful Session Beans with Container-Managed Transactions
Bean-Managed Transactions
javax.transaction.UserTransaction
javax.jdo.Transaction
Stateless Session Beans with Bean-Managed Transactions
Stateful Session Beans with Bean-Managed Transactions
Message-Driven Beans
Persistent Entities and JDO
Local Persistent Storage
Remote Persistent Storage

A. Lifecycle States and Transitions
B. JDO Metadata DTD
C. JDO Interfaces and Exception Classes
D. JDO Query Language BNF
E. Source Code for Examples

Index

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